Supply, demand and investor behavior are key factors in gold prices per ounce. Gold is often used to cover inflation because, unlike paper money, its supply doesn't change much from year to year. Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions achieve financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper columns, radio programs and premium investment services. Interest rates have a major influence on gold price per ounce due to a factor known as opportunity cost. Opportunity cost is the idea of giving up an almost guaranteed return on one investment for the potential for a higher return on another.
Since interest rates remain close to their historic lows, bonds and CDs are, in some cases, producing nominal returns lower than the national inflation rate. This leads to nominal gains, but to real money losses. In this case, gold becomes an attractive investment opportunity despite its 0% return, because the opportunity cost of giving up interest-based assets is low. The same can be said for rising interest rates, which boost yields on interest-bearing assets and increase opportunity costs.
In other words, investors are more likely to give up gold as interest rates on loans rise, as they would get a higher guaranteed return. Another factor that drives gold prices is US economic data. UU. Economic data, such as employment reports, wage data, manufacturing data, and more broad-based data, such as GDP growth, influence the Federal Reserve's monetary policy decisions, which in turn can affect gold prices.
Although not engraved in stone, a stronger US. The economy (low unemployment, employment growth, industrial expansion and GDP growth above 2%) tends to push gold prices down. Strong economic growth means that the Federal Reserve could take steps to tighten monetary policy, which would affect the opportunity cost dynamics discussed above. On the other hand, weaker employment growth, rising unemployment, weakening industry data, and below-average GDP growth can create an accommodative Fed interest rate scenario and increase gold prices.
A fourth factor that can affect gold prices is inflation, or the increase in the prices of goods and services. While they are far from being a guarantee, rising or rising levels of inflation tend to drive up gold prices, while lower levels of inflation or deflation affect gold. Inflation is almost always a sign of economic growth and expansion. When the economy grows and expands, it is common for the Federal Reserve to expand the money supply.
The expansion of the money supply dilutes the value of each existing banknote in circulation, making it more expensive to purchase assets that are a store of perceived value, such as gold. This is why quantitative easing programs that caused the money supply to expand rapidly were considered positive for physical gold prices. In recent quarters, inflation has been relatively moderate (just above 1%). The lack of inflation has been one of the factors that has forced the Federal Reserve not to raise interest rates on loans, but it has also kept gold prices low, which usually perform better in an environment of rising inflation.
This tug-of-war between interest rates and inflation can play a constant tug-of-war on gold prices. According to a survey of economists, India's economy probably grew by 6.2% to 7.2% in the September quarter compared to the previous year, thanks to the increase in spending on government services and capital, as well as high production prior to the holiday season. Equilibrium, which is where supply and demand interact, then determines the market price. This is arguably one of the most important determinants of gold prices, since the forces of demand and supply produce changes in the market that influence gold market prices.
If demand for gold increases, gold prices will rise. The price of gold, on the other hand, is almost certain to fall if there is oversupply. The value of gold derives from its scarcity as a commodity, as well as from its long history as a stable medium of exchange. The price of gold tends to rise during economic uncertainty and when inflation is high.
While some ETFs represent ownership of real metal, others hold shares in mining companies instead of real gold. Also, keep in mind that gold has some industrial applications, contributing to global demand for gold. ETFs are junk funds that investors can buy and allow them to increase liquidity and the possibility of distributing their risks among a large number of assets at a minimum cost. If the FOMC takes a position that implies that rates could rise in the near future, the price of gold tends to react badly, since, once again, the opportunity cost of giving up interest-bearing assets increases.
ETFs also have a lot of gold reserves and the demand for gold by these investment vehicles can cause significant price movements. The price of gold is generally inversely related to the value of the United States dollar because the metal is denominated in dollars. However, if the FOMC insinuates that rates plan to remain stable, gold prices tend to rise, as the opportunity cost of giving up interest-based assets instead of gold remains low. It has been a crazy year for stocks, but it has been nothing short of an exceptional year for physical investors in gold and gold.
Useful resources, such as Gainesville Coins, track the spot price of gold so that you are always aware of changes in the price of gold. As central banks diversify their monetary reserves from the paper currencies they have accumulated to becoming gold, the price of gold tends to rise. During a recession, when other asset classes, such as real estate, stocks and bonds, are likely to collapse, demand for gold is expected to rise. When a crisis such as the one caused by Covid-19 affects financial markets, gold usually comes to rescue investors as a hedge to absorb shocks in the stock, bond and oil markets.